European Grapevine Moth
Latest information on European Grapevine Moth for Napa County: Biology, monitoring and management
|Tarp/slack-fill requirements relaxed for grapes transported within Napa County|
A request to relax the tarping/slack-filling requirements for the transport of bulk wine grapes moving within Napa County has been granted by CDFA and USDA and is being implemented as a pilot program for the 2013 harvest. Haulers who wish to take advantage of this pilot program are required to complete the exhibit and file a copy with the Napa County Agricultural Commissioner’s Office. This exhibit specifies that:
Only haulers transporting grapes within Napa County can conduct normal filling of trailers, conveyances and containers; and
Grapes grown within the EGVM Quarantine area of Napa County that are being transported to other counties must continue to be tarped or slack filled; and
|2nd generation treatment timing for Napa County||
There are 11,550 EGVM traps deployed in Napa County.
34 moths were captured during the 1st flight.
To date, 2 moths of the 2nd flight have been captured.
For the warmer regions of Napa (i.e; north of Oak Knoll):
If you will be treating with a LARVICIDE/OVICIDE product, then applications can be made starting the week of June 17. If you will be treating with a LARVICIDE only product, then applications can be made starting the week of June 24.
For the cooler regions of Napa:
If you will be treating with a LARVICIDE/OVICIDE product, then applications can be made starting the week of June 24. If you will be treating with a LARVICIDE only product, then applications can be made starting the week of July 1.
Products with short residuals may require multiple applications during the hatch period. If you are in an area that is being treated with mating disruption in 2013 and you have not yet deployed dispensers, try to deploy them as soon as possible since the 2nd flight is very short. Insecticides should also be used in areas that are being treated with MD.
|A reminder for Napa County growers regarding grape shipments||
If you plan to ship winegrapes out of California or out of the country, you must notify the Napa County Agricultural Commissioner’s Office. Certain time sensitive regulatory requirements must be met prior to such shipments occurring, including removal of mating disruption, and trapping and inspection by Ag Commissioner staff. If you don’t meet the required time frames for shipping, grapes will need to be fumigated or shipped as must. If you plan to sell grapes through a broker going out of state, the grower is still required to contact the Ag Commissioner prior to shipping fruit.
If you plan to ship out of California or the United States, please contact Agricultural Biologist Greg Music: email@example.com or (707)253-4357. Thanks for your cooperation.
|Insecticide Treatments for 2nd generation and Harvest Guidelines||
As of July 4, 2012, we have accumulated 1594 DDF in Oakville, CA. This is the appropriate time to apply insecticides targeting larvae of the 2nd generation in the regions of Napa that are similar in climate to Oakville. Growers using organic products should make two applications, at 7-10 day intervals.
As of July 4, 2012, we have accumulated 1341 DDF in Carneros, CA. We should reach 1400 DDF next week. Products with ovicide-larvicide activity can be applied after we reach 1400 DDF (projected next week), in Carneros and other cooler regions of Napa. Products with larvicide activity only should not be applied until we have reached 1550 DDF.
The Napa County Agricultural Commissioner would like to remind you of the importance of sanitation during the harvest season to minimize the risk of transporting Lobesia. Follow the newsletter link below to read about best practices for this harvest season.
|Insecticide treatments targeting the 2nd generation||
As of June 20, 2012, we have accumulated 1410 DDF in Oakville and 1180 DDF in Carneros. For areas other than Oakville and Carneros, please refer to the Table of Degree-Day Accumulations for Selected Locations in California.
What this means for areas of Napa with climate similar to Oakville:
If you are using an insecticide with ovicide and larvicide activity (such as Intrepid and Altacor), treatments can begin the week of June 24.
If you are using an insecticide with larvicide activity only (such as organic products and conventional products other than Intrepid and Altacor), we must accumulate at least 1550 DDF before treating. We project this will be during the 1st week of July.
What this means for areas of Napa with climate similar to Carneros:
If you are using an insecticide with ovicide and larvicide activity (such as Intrepid and Altacor), treatments can begin once we have accumulated 1400 DDF. We project this threshold will be reached in approximately 2 weeks.
If you are using an insecticide with larvicide activity only (such as organic products and conventional products other than Intrepid and Altacor), treatments can begin once we have reached 1550 DDF.
|Treatment timing for 2nd generation Lobesia botrana in California||
Products with ovicide and larvicide activity (Intrepid and Altacor) should be applied after we have reached 1400 DDF (from January 1).
Products with only larvicidal activity should be applied after we have accumulated 1550 DDF (from January 1). Growers using organic products should expect to make 2 applications during the 2nd generation, at a 7 day interval.
In the warmer areas of Napa County, we expect to reach 1400 DDF during the week of June 25. Cooler regions could be 7-10 days behind.
As of June 10, we have accumulated 1029 DDF and 1230 DDF for Carneros and Oakville, respectively. We will post weekly updates of DDF accumulations for Carneros and Oakville.
If you have weather data from Calistoga, Pope Valley, or any other regions in Napa that differ from Oakville and Carneros, and are willing to share, we can use that information to make more accurate predictions about treatment timing for those regions.
Calculations used to determine treatment timing for 2nd generation: Lower and upper development thresholds are 50ºF (10ºC) and 86ºF (30ºC), respectively. Start date for degree day accumulations: January 1, 2012.
Heat unit accumulations from the literature (for the 1st and 2nd generations): 306 DDF = egg hatch to pupation 234 DDF = pupa development to adult &nb
We found 2, 1st instar larvae on Monday, 14-May.
|Monitoring and Treatment Report||
It is time to treat for 1st generation Lobesia larvae in Napa County. Treatments should be applied between now and May 26.
|1st flight and treatment update||
It is time to treat for the 1st generation of Lobesia larvae. Ideally treatments should be applied between cluster elongation and the beginning of bloom. Applications should be made before 5% bloom.
Starting May 7, in Napa Valley and a week later in cooler areas, treatments can be combined with fungicide sprays anytime during the next 3 weeks. Hillside vineyards that are behind Oakville vineyards can be treated at the later end of the 2-3 week period, depending upon cluster development. Organic growers will need to make multiple applications, at 7 to 10 day intervals.
We are inferring that the peak of the 1st flight of Lobesia in Napa occurred during the week of April 23. This is based on recent trap catches, degree-day model calculations, and our experience with Lobesia over the last 2 years.
Most eggs are laid during the peak flight period. We expect these eggs to hatch in 118 DDF. From April 25 to May 2, we accumulated 93.22 DDF in Oakville. Once most eggs start hatching, there will be a window of 2-3 weeks to control small larvae.
For those following degree-days, here are historical numbers for Napa (Oakville CIMIS) for the peak of the 1st flight:
|Treatment guidelines for 2012||
UC Treatment Guidelines for the 1st generation of 2012 are now available on the UC Cooperative Extension, Napa County website.